Distribution of price changes and the measure of underlying inflation

Φώτιος Μ. Σιώκης


It is widely accepted that the conventional consumer price index may not be the ideal
indicator of underlying inflation due to noise included in the index. To remedy this problem
several methods have been proposed. Based on statistical and economic criteria we develop
alternative inflation measures called trimmed means. The analysis of Greek CPI data reveals
that price changes on a monthly basis are widely dispersed, positively skewed, and, consequently,
not normally distributed. Further analysis, based on a number of alternative measures of core
inflation, concludes that trimmed means provide valuable information about underlying
pressures and predict more accurately future inflation.


Inflation (Finance); Prices

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η δικτυακή πύλη της ευρωπαϊκής ένωσης ψηφιακή ελλάδα ΕΣΠΑ 2007-2013