Bird strikes risk policy strategies : proposal for a risk classification scheme

Vasilis Lykos, Apostolos Kiohos


This study, presents a classification scheme based on two main factors: the potential consequences
in bird strikes hazards (outcomes, losses, damages) and the uncertainties about consequences
in parallel with the examination of a classification specifically directed at accident risk
with the dimensions closeness to hazard and level authority i.e. airport operator, pilots, municipalities
which are adjacent to airport, stakeholders etc.
The classification systems provide a knowledge base for structuring bird strikes’ risk problems,
risk policies and class-specific management strategies. Simultaneously in this study, three
major management categories have been applied: risk – based, precautionary and discursive
strategy. The risk – based policy means treatment of risk – avoidance, reduction, transfer and
retention – using risk and decision analyses. The precautionary strategy means a policy of containment,
constant monitoring, continuous research and the development of substitutes. Increasing
resilience, i.e. resistance and robustness to surprises, is covered by the risk based strategy and the
precautionary strategy. The discursive strategy means measures to build confidence and trustworthiness,
through reduction of uncertainties, in air accidents and mishaps are caused by bird
strikes, clarification of facts, involved human factors, deliberation and accountability. Nevertheless,
in most cases, the appropriate strategy is a mixture of these strategies.


Risk management; Classification

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η δικτυακή πύλη της ευρωπαϊκής ένωσης ψηφιακή ελλάδα ΕΣΠΑ 2007-2013